Millions of people continue to live in places that outlaw same-sex relationships and prosecute people for being gay.
Globally, 11 countries either condemn people to death for homosexual activity or the death penalty has been introduced in some regions of the country.
All countries or regions with capital punishment for homosexuality are Islamic.
- This is because homosexuality is contrary to Sharia (Islamic law) and we will find these rules in countries that practice the Koranic punishment rules. But even though some of the countries have the death penalty, it does not necessarily mean that they use the death penalty, says Middle East expert Knut Vikør at the University of Bergen.
He points out that governments do not systematically go after all gays, but they are looking to make examples.
- In some countries where we find executions and killings of gays, this happens to individuals to highlight that the government thinks it is an unacceptable way of life. The idea is that it interferes with public morals, says Vikør.
In some countries the death penalty against gays is enforced in provinces where extremist Islamist groups have taken over the control, as in the IS-controlled areas of Syria and Iraq.
And these are the countries where gays, under the constitution based on Sharia law, risk being executed simply for being gay:
Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Iran, United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Qatar, Afghanistan, Somalia, Nigeria, Mauritania.
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